EFFECT OF TURMERIC BASED-CONCENTRATE DIETS ON PERFORMANCE AND BLOOD PARAMETERS OF KALAHARI RED, WEST AFRICAN DWARF AND KALAWAD GOAT KIDS
NAME: CAMARA Madou
MATRIC NO: PG13/0843
COLLEGE: World Bank Africa Centre of Excellence in Agricultural Development and Sustainable Environment (CEADESE)
PROGRAMME: Livestock Science and Sustainable Environment
DEGREE IN-VIEW: M. AgSE. Livestock Science and Sustainable Environment
Turmeric plant contains curcumin which is a natural non synthetic active compound which has biological effects such as anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-tumor, anti-bacterial and anti-viral activities among others. The advent of ban on the use of antibiotic growth promoters in livestock production in many countries makes the research on turmeric very timely. This study was carried out to determine the effect of concentrate diets with or without turmeric powder (TP) at 2g/kg. Wilted Brachiaria ruziziensis was given as basal forage to all treatments. The 33 goat kids balanced for sex and body weights were arranged in a 3 by 2 factorial consisting of 3 breeds (Kalahari Red, KalaWAD and West African Dwarf goats) and two diets [0g/kg (control) and 2g/kg TP inclusion]. The feeding trial lasted for 8 weeks. Data collected on growth performance and blood parameters were subjected to one-way analysis of variance in a completely randomised design. Results showed that dry matter of the control concentrate diet, Brachiaria and Turmeric powder were 87.49, 89.16 and 86.2% respectively and crude protein contents were 18.76, 8.02 and 10.27% respectively. Result of main effects of TP inclusion levels on performance characteristics revealed significant differences (P<0.05) for intakes of forage and concentrate and the total feed intake with kids fed the control diet having higher (P<0.05) values. Values of final weight, total and daily weight gain and the feed conversion ratio (FCR) were not affected (P>0.05). Main effects of breeds on performance of goat kids showed that Kalahari Red kids recorded higher (P<0.05) values in all performance indices compared KalaWAD or WAD goat kids. Interactive effects between breeds and TP 2g/kg inclusion depicts that Kalahari Red goats had higher (P<0.05) final weight and weight gains compared their KalaWAD and WAD counterparts while the latter were not significantly different from each other. In case of intakes of forage, and concentrate and the total feed intake for each of the three breeds, inclusion of TP 2g/kg led to reduction (P<0.05) in these values while the values of final weight, weight gains and FCR were not significantly (P>0.05) different . Main effects of breeds or TP inclusion on haematology and serum biochemistry were not significant (P>0.05), similarly the interactive effects, except red blood cells values where WAD recorded higher value compared the other two breeds. There were interactive effects on serum glucose and alkaline phosphatase (ALP). Kids fed TP recorded highest significant values (P<0.05) for glucose, while WAD kids fed without and KalaWAD kids fed TP recorded highest and lowest significant values (P<0.05) for ALP, respectively. In conclusion, although inclusion of TP reduced feed intake in all the three breeds, final weight gain and FCR in each group were similar. Furthermore, Kalahari Red goats maintained higher (P<0.05) performance indices compared KalaWAD and WAD goats.
Word Count: 499
Defended 14th June 2017
DEGREE: MSC Agricultural Development and Sustainable Environment (M.AgSE) in Livestock Science and Sustainable Development.